The 2017 Local Search Ranking Factors, a survey of Local SEO professionals on what they think it takes to rank in local search, was just released at MozCon Local/Local U. Andrew and I both love participating in the survey, as it’s a chance to see what the Local SEO hive mind is thinking. I highly recommend checking it out to see how people are thinking about local search rankings.

Coming out of the 2017 version, the talk of the town is on Proximity (the distance between a user and a business) as the ‘#1 ranking factor’. Given the way local packs look, I totally get this. Proximity is massive. Just look at these Local Packs:

Pet Store Local Pack 

Taco Local Pack

Let’s all shut it down, folks. Local SEO is dead! Just keep moving your biz and you will be #1 for all customers!

Move your business

Calm down, I promise we are going to be okay. I’m not going to tell you your own eyes are wrong, Packs look like they are almost exclusively ordered by user proximity (with some occasional tie-breaking factors like reviews).

But, remember, those aren’t the only available businesses to show in a pack. Check out the same SERP with other businesses and my location annotated:

Annotated Pet Store Local Pack

The green arrow & text is where I’m located and the purple arrows are all locations that are physically closer than the locations that are showing up in the Local Pack. This means that Proximity can’t be an overriding factor in terms of ordering businesses.

This makes perfect sense to me.

Often, there are more relevant and prominent businesses then Google can display in a Pack/Local Finder, and if they were to just rank by Proximity then the results could very well be bad businesses near you. Google knows this, which is why it isn’t happening this way.

So to me, Proximity is the #1 local ranking factor like RankBrain is the #1 organic ranking factor. Yes, it plays a role in almost all searches, but I don’t think it’s usually the main thing getting you into most local packs.

Here is a great example where proximity is clearly not the deciding factor:

Coffee Local Pack

As you can see, Starbucks is easily the closest coffee business near me. It is specifically closer than Coffee Nature (the top result) and yet it doesn’t even crack the top 5. Clearly, there are other factors at play here.

Let’s come at this from a different way. I did a search for tacos, then went to “more places” in the pack. Check out these results:

Local Results Annotated By Distance

These results are not in order of closest to furthest. The top results are, but what determines which business are in those are the top results? It’s certainly not just proximity, just check out the case of poor Cabo Grill. The are totally left out of the top results even though, looking at proximity, it should be # 4 (it even has a good review profile!):

Cabo Grill Left Out Of Local Pack

You know what it doesn’t have? A website. Pretty hard to have dominating prominence and relevance without a website in 2017. But wait, there is more. Check out Fresca’s Mexican Grill. Should be #2 by proximity, but it doesn’t even crack the top 12:

Proximity not working for Fresca's Mexican Grill

Likely because unlike all the other examples it doesn’t have “taco” in the business name. That means relevance can override proximity.

One last piece, the weight of something like proximity is also dependent on the type of query. For local searches there are 2 types of queries:

Implicit Geo Location – “tacos”

Explicit Geo Location – “tacos costa mesa” & “costa mesa tacos”

All the example I have shown have been with implicit geo-location. Check out the ordering of explicit geo-location queries on a desktop for “tacos costa mesa”:

Explicit Geo Location Local Query

It’s radically different from the implicit geo-location searches, and the proximity from my location matters much much less.

But Dan, maybe Costa Mesa is some weird vortex. Also, what about mobile?

I’m so glad you asked:

Mobile Local Search in Pleasanton

This search was conducted from Pleasanton CA, on an iPhone.

I feel pretty confident saying that Proximity matters much more with implicit geo-location searches. This is what we saw in our own ranking factor data as well.

I’ve been talking through this with lots of others in the Local SEO space. Darren Shaw is one of those people. I asked him to weigh in on this post and here are his thoughts:

“While Proximity to Searcher is one of the strongest factors in local pack results today (if not the strongest), it’s far from the only factor. There is still plenty of opportunity to improve your rankings by increasing relevancy and prominence through traditional local search work.”

I agree with what Darren is saying here. While I feel like I have made the case that Proximity is not the #1 ranking factor, it clearly plays a large role in how local search functions. That doesn’t mean you have to give up,  traditional prominence and relevance signals matter just as much, if not more, then proximity. Speaking of…

The #1 Local SEO Ranking Factors are Relevance, Prominence & Proximity

I think there is only one conclusion; there are other factors that determine what businesses are in which buckets, or even better that there are factors that determine which sub-set of results that Google is then going to order by proximity. Those are things like traditional relevance and prominence signals. Things such as keywords in the business name, links, reviews, and others that you would typically expect to influence search results. If you are in for a refresher course, check out the 2016 Local SEO Ranking Factors to see what the data says.

So basically, like in most things, Mike Blumenthal is right.

Mike Blumenthal is Right Tweet 1

Mike Blumenthal is Right Tweet 2

So maybe we should stop talking about internal position within a local Pack for a bit because that is more about the user and less about the business. Instead, we should talk about “PackRank(™)”, because if you are in a Local Pack then you are probably showing up #1 to some users (based on proximity).

Remember, there are numerous business categories where users aren’t looking to find service half a mile closer (like attorneys, doctors, CPA’s, car dealers etc.). In the Proximity Mine Pack this is where things like reviews can drive a higher CTR. Though this could be a pretty big negative to the foodservice industry. Most people aren’t always looking to drive a couple miles for that single origin flat white or a truly excellent taco.

One final thing before I go. When it comes to prominence, relevance, and proximity what do you think is the most important type of local search ranking factor. Please fill out this quick survey and let me know!



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4 Response Comments

  • Ray Cassidy  March 29, 2017 at 3:40 am

    Hi guys,
    Haven’t had a chance to dive into the new results yet but have you spotted any takeaways for small trade type businesses such as carpet cleaners and electricians who operate from a home address as a service area business and don#’t really bring clients to their home office? Hopefully I’ll get a chance to sit down and scrutinise the survey results next week.

  • Chad Feingold SEO  March 29, 2017 at 11:35 am

    Great info, proximity can be a factor but definitely not the number one factor in my experience!

  • Dave Oremland  April 12, 2017 at 10:18 am

    With regard to your studies I’m glad to see you differentiated between implicit and explicit searches. Clearly that changes the equation between what is most important; proximity, relevance and prominence.

    Now here are some explicit searches where proximity does seem to impact the results somewhat.

    I did searches with a simple premise. Suppose two friends want to meet in a restaurant equidistant from them in a named town, some distance and a number of towns from where they live….but also require different routes to get to that middle town.

    I’ve only touched on this and frankly aside from adwords tool, is there another tool I can use wherein I place my location in one place, search for full results, which may additionally open up the local finder? If so, I don’t know it. If you have a suggestion I’m open.

    Back to the little research: I used locations near me in the DC region. I looked at an explicit search. “Restaurants Tysons Corner”. Using adwords I started from a location in Northern MD, Silver Spring, and then used a variety of locations in Virginia, which additionally offered different routes of access.

    Simply there are different “Northern routes and Southern Routes to Tysons Corner from different parts of Virginia.

    So when I chose towns that would take a “Northern Route” I had one set of 3 in the PAC and when I chose a location that required a Southern Route to the group of restaurants the PAC was slightly different. A more Southern Restaurant showed among the top 3 than from the Northern route.

    Small point. But from a couple of searches plus this example I see impact from proximity for even explicit searches; not as impactful by any measure as from implicit searches…by it looks to me like proximity still plays some part in the ranking equation.